1954, The gift : forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies / by Marcel Mauss ; translated by Ian Cunnison ; with an introduction by E.E. The gift : forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies / by Marcel Mauss ; translated by Ian Cunnison ; with an introduction by E.E. Log in here. He addressed principles of exchange in societies which he calls “primitive” or “archaic,” or “early”—although contemporary with his own era—where non-monetary exchanges predominated, even if not used exclusively. Selected new items on display in Main Reading Room. To learn more about how to request items watch this short online video . Note: Citations are based on reference standards. You'll get access to all of the He lays out this premise on page one as the phenomena that his book addresses—“prestations which are in theory voluntary, disinterested and spontaneous, but are in fact obligatory and interested.” He further notes that his inquiry will pose these questions: In primitive and archaic society, what is the principle whereby the gift received has to be repaid? eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The most fundamental premise that Mauss lays out is that gifts are not given freely to the extent that receiving a gift requires the recipient to give one in return. Marcel Mauss’s The Gift speaks of everything but the gift: It deals with economy, exchange, contract (do et des), it speaks of raising the stakes, sacrifice, gift and countergift—in short, and the annulment of the gift.’ Jacques Derrida, Given Time. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. There, “tonga” is both female property and indestructible property, and can be a person: a baby is a tonga, a piece of feminine property, but when it involves the child’s mother’s brother, tonga refers to every manner of property that can make a “man rich, powerful, or influential” and is potentially... Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this The Gift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies study guide. Marcel Mauss’s discussion of the gift relies on a paradox: although gift-giving is the foundational act of building a society, in order for a gift to be circulated, society must be always-already presupposed so that the gift can reach and be recognized by its destination. Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. The exchanges he studies are, E. E. Evans Pritchard notes in his introduction to the 1954 English edition, “total social movements of activities.”. Building on the legacy of his mentor, Émile Durkheim, Mauss took up “economy” in the most expansive sense of the word. Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. The contracts that people enter into through such gifts and obligations, he maintains, are part and parcel of morality, as “the law of things remains bound up with the law of persons.”. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. . Marcel Mauss’s 1925 essay on The Gift (in French, Essai sur le Don) has become a classic in the sociology and anthropology of economics. Can I get copies of items from the Library? Essentially usurious and extravagant, it is above all a struggle among nobles to determine their position in the hierarchy to the ultimate benefit, if successful, of their own clans. Mauss, Marcel. The gift by Marcel Mauss, 1966, Cohen & West edition, in English ... During this research into … But the agonistic character of the prestation is pronounced. Evans-Pritchard Cohen & West London. Marcel Mauss ’s 1925 essay on The Gift (in French, Essai sur le Don) has become a classic in the sociology and anthropology of economics. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. Hal... Sociology and psychology : essays / Marcel Mauss ; translated [from the French] by Ben Brewster, Mauss à Samoa : le holisme sociologique et l'esprit du don polynésien / Serge Tcherkézoff. Marcel Mauss The Gift The form and reason for exchange in archaic societies With a foreword by Mary Douglas London and New York. makes contracts involving all its members and everything it possesses. Enjoy a CovidSafe visit to the National Library. Among the Tlingit and Haida in particular, lavish feasts not only demand extravagant gifts be given but that they be destroyed. This is the reason that the gift is the foundation of economic concepts and behaviors. To learn more about Copies Direct watch this. One institution in which prestation played an important role was the “potlatch” carried out by various indigenous groups in the Northwest Coast of North America, in parts of the US and Canada. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Wikipedia Citation. Evans-Pritchard  Cohen & West London. the whole clan . Please also be aware that you may see certain words or descriptions in this catalogue which reflect the author’s attitude or that of the period in which the item was created and may now be considered offensive. 1954,  The gift : forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies / by Marcel Mauss ; translated by Ian Cunnison ; with an introduction by E.E. Already a member? . The gift : forms and functions of exchange in archaic societies. You need Flash player 8+ and JavaScript enabled to view this video embedded.

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